14 Sep Understanding Frames Per Second (FPS) – Jin Park
My name is Jin Park, and I’m one of the in-studio videographers at Kallos Studio based in Calgary. I’m the founder of My Life On Earth 365, a motovlog channel that provides entertainment and tutorial videos. As a videographer there are many cameras that I use such as Canon, Samsung, and GoPro Hero cameras. It is important to know what kind of camera you need to use for what you want to film. Whenever you purchase a new camera, you should always obtain the manual and read through it all. This will give you an idea of what the camera’s functions are and what it is capable of doing. For this entry I will focus on the GoPro Hero cameras and the different frames per second I use. GoPro cameras are what I use most frequently for my YouTube videos. Motovlogging requires me to film my vlogs while riding a motorcycle. This means I need a camera that is compact and lightweight as I will be operating a motorcycle while I vlog. GoPro cameras are very ideal for this situation. Currently I use the GoPro Hero 2, GoPro Hero 3 Black, and GoPro Hero 4 Silver. The Hero 2 is capable of filming 1080p at 60 frames per second. The Hero 3 Black can film 4k at 12 frames per second. And Hero 4 Silver can film 4k at 15 frames per second. I mainly use the GoPro Hero 4 Silver to record a first person view of my vlog.
Utilize Frames Per Second to Your Advantage
So first thing you should think about before doing any type of filming is the frames per second also called FPS. Back in the old days film stock was very expensive. To reduce the production cost, a research was conducted to determine how many frames per second is required for a fluid motion to the human eye. It was determined that a minimum of 20 frames per second was required for a fluid motion. To allow for some wiggle room, 24 frames per second became the standard for film. Nowadays most cameras that are available to the average consumer are able to film in 24 fps, 25 fps, 30 fps, and 60 fps. If you are filming a movie or any other cinematography, use 24 fps. For any other filming, choose between 25fps, 30fps, and 60 fps. For example, this video is being filmed at 24 fps. To decide what fps you need, you should figure out where your video will be played once it is produced. In the Americas and Saudi Arabia, a frequency of 60Hz is used. 30 fps is compatible with this frequency. Everywhere else in the world a frequency of 50Hz is used and you should use 25fps. In Japan you can use either 25fps or 30fps depending on the region. 60fps should be used if you are shooting something very fast moving or if you intend on using slow motion. If you play a 60fps video on normal speed, it may look unnatural compared to the standard 24fps used in cinema. If you use the wrong fps for the region, you may see flickers or banding appearing in the video. Once you decide on an fps, stick with it as it will make post editing much easier. For my motovlogging, I use 30 fps. FPS isn’t a problem if you are uploading a video onto YouTube. I use 30fps rather than 24 or 25fps because a higher fps is ideal for being on a motorcycle as it is an action shot. Everything is moving faster and I need to capture more frames per second to get a smoother and fluid video. I could also use 60fps if I plan on slowing down the footage.
I hope I was able to provide some helpful information on understanding frames per second (FPS). Iwanted to go over a little bit about what it is and why it is important when it comes to making your video. For the next few entries, I will go over how I mount the GoPro cameras and what kind of settings I use for various situations for the GoPro fans.
Jin Park is one of Calgary videographers at Kallos Studio. He is based out of Calgary and offers studio help, online tutorials and in studio group seminars for beginners and hobbyist videographers. Follow his work at Kallos Studio.